Deomampo D. Transnational maternity for others in India: power and agency for women question. Bounds. 2013;34(3):167–88. Of the 21 surrogate mothers who had previously worked (Table 2), the majority (n = 19/21) noted that surrogacy was a preferred option over their previous activity (Table 3). They explained that this activity was better paid (n = 14/21) and that it had better working conditions (n = 5/21). In 2009, Gujarat lent jan Balaz v. Anand Municipality and ors to the High Court.  two twin babies, conceived by the compensated surrogacy of a German national in the District of Anand, the Indian nationality.  The court stated, “We care first and foremost about the rights of two newborn babies, innocent babies, much more than the rights of the biological parents, the surrogate mother or the egg donor. The emotional and legal relationship of babies with the surrogate mother and egg donor is also essential. The court reviewed surrogacy laws in countries such as Ukraine, Japan and the United States. In a situation where a surrogacy agreement has been violated and is being reviewed by a court for damages, the position of the contractual parents (compared to the surrogate mother) to claim damages for infringement may be very weak, given that the harm suffered by the contractual parents would likely be too speculative to allow recovery.
the economic value of a child is impossible to calculate. However, if surrogacy is to fall entirely within the scope of the 1872 Act, the surrogate mother should not be allowed to terminate the contract simply because she did not foresee that she could develop an emotional bond with the child after birth. This can be challenged under section 22 of the 1872 Act, according to which a contract is not contestable solely because one of the parties has made a substantive error. However, in such a situation, the surrogate mother may argue that the surrogacy agreement, in accordance with the principles set out in s14, s19 and s19a of the 1872 Act, is questionable if the surrogate mother can prove that she accepted the contract under undue influence or coercion and that the agreement was not based on free consent.2 The reality of surrogacy in India includes characteristics antagonists: Which we analyze in this article as a “paradox”. First, while women became surrogate mothers in response to sexual coercia as mothers and wives, they violated gender norms. Second, while surrogacy was socially perceived as dirty work to survive, surrogacy used surrogacy as a means of upward mobility for herself and her children. Finally, while surrogacy was organized to counter accusations of exploitation, surrogate mothers were under the permanent domination of the medical system and had no decision-making power in the surrogacy process. This reflects their daily lives as women. Although India`s regulatory framework has changed, surrogacy continues to pose challenges to gender norms, especially in other developing countries where the practice is growing. Indian Parliament. the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act 2016 No. 257; 2016.
In 2008, a baby (Manji Yamada), born by surrogacy, was unable to leave India three months after birth, having neither Indian nor Japanese nationality. The case went to the Indian Supreme Court.  The issue was resolved after the Japanese government issued him a one-year visa on humanitarian grounds. The Japanese government issued the visa after the Indian government issued a travel certificate to the baby in September 2008, in accordance with a Supreme Court instruction.  Kirby J. . . .