On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. The text of the agreement is available here: ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/uniform-regulations In June 2020, the Nikkei Asian Review reported that Japanese automakers decided to “triple Mexican wages rather than travel to the United States” to avoid tariffs on auto parts.  The agreement gives U.S. farmers additional access to foreign markets, particularly in Canada. It does not dismantle Canada`s “supply management system,” which imposes the amount of production on Canadian farmers so that they can be profitable. But Canada has agreed to abolish a program that helps sellers of certain dairy products in Switzerland and abroad and opens its market to milk, cream, butter, cheese and other U.S. products. In return, the United States expanded access to its market for the Canadian dairy and sugar industry. In addition to the original NAFTA provisions, the USMCA borrows significant credits under the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreements and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for the Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP).
On April 3, 2020, Mexico announced its willingness to implement the agreement and joined Canada.  The agreement came into force on July 1, 2020.     The “Environment” chapter contains the most comprehensive and enforceable environmental obligations of a previous U.S. agreement, including anti-trade obligations for wild plants, wood and fish; Strengthen law enforcement networks to curb human trafficking; and address pressing environmental issues, such as air quality and marine waste. In a major concession to Democrats, the Trump administration has agreed to support some protective measures for a class of drugs called advanced and very expensive drug biologists. The final agreement nullifies a provision that, for ten years, provided protection for drugs from cheaper alternatives in both Canada and Mexico. Increasing the level of de minimis with major trading partners such as Mexico and Canada is an important outcome for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the United States. These SMEs often cannot afford to pay tariffs and taxes and bear the increase in compliance costs, which, due to their low trading volume, are due to lower-value emissions due to their low level of de-administration. The USMCA facilitates North American trade and addresses current and emerging critical issues, including compliance with regulatory systems, e-commerce and intellectual property protection. With respect to daily shipping for FedEx customers, the USMCA offers several advantages over NAFTA: “I confirm that the products described in this document are considered original products and that the information contained in this document is accurate and accurate.